Title: Are clay minerals the primary control on the oceanic rare earth element budget?
Time & Location: Tues Nov 5th 11:00 am & Conference Room 449, Madsen Building F09, USYD.
Abstract: The rare earth elements (REEs) are an important tool for understanding biogeochemical cycling and climate driven changes to the global ocean. However, their application is hindered by ambiguities in the marine REE budget surrounding a significant missing source (up to 95% unaccounted for). Recent work identifies a benthic flux via the pore water as the potentially dominant source of REEs to the ocean. I will present new pore water REE, microbeam imaging and mineralogical data to identify the sedimentary phases that interact with the pore waters and the nature of this interaction to mechanistically understand the sedimentary flux. Fe-Mn oxyhydroxides are considered a ubiquitous, reactive sedimentary REE host phase, and are commonly targeted for paleocirculation reconstruction using Nd isotopes. However, the distribution, preservation, and formation of Fe-Mn phases remains poorly understood with no direct, imaging-based identification of their systematic presence to date. Our new mineralogical and direct imaging observations suggest that authigenic Fe-Mn oxyhydroxides are not sufficiently abundant to account for the large proportion of REEs recoverable in leaching procedures targeting these phases. I will argue that pore water REEs are instead largely sourced from early diagenetic dissolution of ubiquitous, Fe-bearing clay minerals. We demonstrate that pore water REE signatures are similar to those of river sourced clays, consistent with a detrital clay dissolution source. This finding agrees with recent suggestions that, more broadly, the dissolution of detrital siliciclastic materials in the ocean is a potentially important source of solutes to the ocean. We argue that the spread in REE patterns in pore waters relative to this clay source can be explained by fractionation during authigenic clay uptake of REEs. I conclude that clay mineral dissolution and authigenesis are likely the primary influences on REE cycling near the seafloor, with the balance between clay dissolution and authigenesis controlling the concentration, ratio of heavy and light REE abundances, and the isotopic composition of pore waters. I will also explore the implications of this hypothesis for the oceanic REE budget and the geographic distribution of oceanic REE inputs.
Bio: Dr April Abbott is a geochemical oceanographer and pore water geochemist with over 250 days at sea. She has been a lecturer in the Department of Earth & Planetary Sciences (now Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences) at Macquarie University since 2016. Her research focuses on the intersection of our understanding of modern biogeochemical cycles with the application of geochemical proxies to paleoclimate reconstructions. She received her PhD in Ocean, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences from Oregon State University in 2016, her masters of science from University of Minnesota Duluth in 2011, and her bachelor of science from William Smith College in 2009. She is currently director of Australia’s only at sea marine science training program, the Collaborative Australian Postgraduate Sea Training Alliance Network (CAPSTAN).